Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health Author Ross C. Brownson
ISBN-10 9780199751877
Release 2012-04-19
Pages 536
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Fifteen to twenty years is how long it takes for the billions of dollars of university-based research to translate into evidence-based policies and programs suitable for public use. This book seeks to understand how to best apply scientific advances in the real world, by focusing on pushing the evidence-based knowledge base out into routine use.

Implementation Research in Health

Implementation Research in Health Author David H. Peters
ISBN-10 9789241506212
Release 2014-03-31
Pages 67
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Interest in implementation research is growing, largely in recognition of the contribution it can make to maximizing the beneficial impact of health interventions. As a relatively new and, until recently, rather neglected field within the health sector, implementation research is something of an unknown quantity for many. There is therefore a need for greater clarity about what exactly implementation research is, and what it can offer. This Guide is designed to provide that clarity. Intended to support those conducting implementation research, those with responsibility for implementing programs, and those who have an interest in both, the Guide provides an introduction to basic implementation research concepts and language, briefly outlines what it involves, and describes the many opportunities that it presents. The main aim of the Guide is to boost implementation research capacity as well as demand for implementation research that is aligned with need, and that is of particular relevance to health systems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research on implementation requires the engagement of diverse stakeholders and multiple disciplines in order to address the complex implementation challenges they face. For this reason, the Guide is intended for a variety of actors who contribute to and/or are impacted by implementation research. This includes the decision-makers responsible for designing policies and managing programs whose decisions shape implementation and scale-up processes, as well as the practitioners and front-line workers who ultimately implement these decisions along with researchers from different disciplines who bring expertise in systematically collecting and analyzing information to inform implementation questions. The opening chapters (1-4) make the case for why implementation research is important to decision-making. They offer a workable definition of implementation research and illustrate the relevance of research to problems that are often considered to be simply administrative and provide examples of how such problems can be framed as implementation research questions. The early chapters also deal with the conduct of implementation research, emphasizing the importance of collaboration and discussing the role of implementers in the planning and designing of studies, the collection and analysis of data, as well as in the dissemination and use of results. The second half of the Guide (5-7) detail the various methods and study designs that can be used to carry out implementation research, and, using examples, illustrates the application of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method designs to answer complex questions related to implementation and scale-up. It offers guidance on conceptualizing an implementation research study from the identification of the problem, development of research questions, identification of implementation outcomes and variables, as well as the selection of the study design and methods while also addressing important questions of rigor.

The State of Quality Improvement and Implementation Research

The State of Quality Improvement and Implementation Research Author Institute of Medicine
ISBN-10 0309179653
Release 2007-10-01
Pages 108
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The Institute of Medicine (IOM) workshop "The Conduct of Health Care Quality Improvement and Implementation Research" was held on May 24-25, 2007, in Irvine, CA. The purpose of this workshop was to gain a better understanding of what is known and not known about quality improvement and implementation research. Experts were asked to identify current methods and best practices as well as areas where future efforts should be concentrated to propel the field. As with its previous workshop, the Forum on the Science of Health Care Quality Improvement and Implementation invited speakers from other disciplines to share their experiences in their respective fields. Although many disciplines are relevant to this topic, not all views could be incorporated because of workshop time constraints, but will be incorporated in the forum's future activities. The State of Quality Improvement and Implementation Research: Expert Views, Workshop Summary describes and summarizes workshop presentations and discussions.

Implementation Research Toolkit

Implementation Research Toolkit Author World Health Organization
ISBN-10 9241506962
Release 2014
Pages 175
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Implementation research is conducted within routine systems and real life settings, removed from the controlled settings associated with other types of scientific research. This toolkit was designed to help people learn a standard process that would lead to results that could be compared across regions and countries. It is designed to help identify system bottlenecks and the stakeholders to be involved, formulate appropriate research questions, conduct the research and develop a plan for implementing the study results. Who can use this toolkit? Health care service providers Program staff Researchers Decision-makers Finance and administration officers Media Learn how to: Identify barriers to implementation and formulate the research question Make your case for funding Set up a study design and appropriate methodologies Plan the project (budget, personnel, timelines, monitoring and evaluation) Collect, analyze and present research information Develop a dissemination plan Monitor and evaluate your research projectOver 200 researchers, academics, disease control program managers, policy-makers, health administrators, communication scientists and journalists contributed to test and evaluate the toolkit. Major funding was provided by USAID, with additional support from the Implementation Research Platform at the World Health Organization.

Implementing Research

Implementing Research Author Health Research Council of New Zealand
ISBN-10 OCLC:155393661
Release 200?
Pages 11
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Implementing Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Implementing Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Implementing Research book for free.

Advancing Quality Improvement Research

Advancing Quality Improvement Research Author Forum on the Science of Health Care Quality Improvement and Implementation
ISBN-10 9780309106238
Release 2007-06-29
Pages 60
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The Institute of Medicine's Forum on the Science of Health Care Quality Improvement and Implementation held a workshop on January 16, 2007, in Washington, DC. The workshop had its roots in an earlier forum meeting when forum members discussed what is meant by the terms "quality improvement" and "implementation science" and became convinced that they mean different things to different people. At the time, the members also discussed the need to identify barriers to quality improvement research and to implementation science. Thus the purpose of this workshop was to bring people together from various arenas to discuss what quality improvement is, and what barriers exist in the health care industry to quality improvement and also to research about quality improvement. The summary that ensues is thus limited to the presentations and discussions during the workshop itself. We realize that there is a broader scope of issues pertaining to this subject area but are unable to address them in this summary document. The workshop's first session was devoted to experiences that various institutions have had with quality improvement. Recognizing the wealth of experiences available outside of health care services, the workshop included presenters from outside the health care service industry as well as from inside. This includes discussions from a variety of perspectives: non-health care services, health plans, hospitals, and nursing. Advancing Quality Improvement Research: Challenges and opportunities - Workshop Summary describes the events of the workshop.

Translation and Implementation of Evidence Based Practice

Translation and Implementation of Evidence Based Practice Author Lawrence A. Palinkas
ISBN-10 9780195398489
Release 2011-12-23
Pages 229
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This book is about conducting research on the process and outcomes of the translation and implementation of evidence-based practices in social work. Its aims are to outline a strategy for conducting such research and to identify the infrastructure and resources necessary to support such research within the field of social work.

Applying an Implementation Science Approach to Genomic Medicine

Applying an Implementation Science Approach to Genomic Medicine Author Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health
ISBN-10 9780309437769
Release 2016-08-06
Pages 136
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Although it is becoming increasingly more common for clinicians to use genomic data in their practices for disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, the process of integrating genomic data into the practice of medicine has been a slow and challenging one. Some of the major barriers impeding the incorporation of new genomic technology into clinical practice are: the difficulty of changing routine medical practices to account for the use of genetic testing, the limited knowledge of patients and providers about genomic medicine, assessing sufficient evidence to support the use of genetic tests, privacy and data security issues, and uncertainty about reimbursement. The field of implementation science may be able to provide insights concerning efficient ways to incorporate genomic applications into routine clinical practice. The focus of implementation science studies is to identify integration bottlenecks and optimal approaches for a given setting and ultimately to promote the up-take of research findings. To explore the potential of implementation science to improve the integration of genomics into medicine, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in Washington, DC, in November 2015. Participants explored the challenges and opportunities of integrating genomic advances into the clinic through the lens of implementation science. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence Based Practices in Child and Adolescent Mental Health

Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence Based Practices in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Author Rinad S. Beidas
ISBN-10 9780199311620
Release 2014-05-21
Pages 375
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Mental health disorders are common in youth, impacting up to 1 in 5 children and adolescents. Typically, mental health difficulties result in impaired functioning and lower quality of life for both youth and their families. Fortunately, there are psychosocial treatments for the mental health needs of youth that have earned the "evidence-based" label. However, these treatments are not widely available, and it is estimated that it can take up to 17 years for them to be transported into community settings. As a result, a new field of dissemination and implementation (DI) science has emerged to address this problem. Dissemination refers to the transfer of information about evidence-based practices to community settings, and implementation refers to active strategies to assist adoption of evidence-based practices in community settings. Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices in Child and Adolescent Mental Health is the first book to bring together the world's foremost experts in implementation science and evidence-based practices for youth to provide the latest findings around DI for children and adolescents. Chapters provide comprehensive coverage of the science of dissemination and implementation across contexts, disorders, and international perspectives. This volume will be an essential resource to implementation scientists and scholars, instructors in doctoral-level training programs, and graduate students, as well as policymakers, community mental health clinicians and administrators, school administrators, researchers, and other mental health professionals.

Conducting Substance Use Research

Conducting Substance Use Research Author Audrey L. Begun
ISBN-10 9780199395866
Release 2014-03-05
Pages 208
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This book assists new and experienced scholars in planning and conducting high quality, contemporary studies for knowledge building about substance use. The target audience is individuals new to substance use as a field of study, either as novice researchers or as experienced researchers in other areas who find themselves lacking experience to address overlapping issues of substance use. Organized around a translational science framework, the contents address substance use research about epidemiology, etiology, intervention efficacy and effectiveness, and implementation of evidence-informed interventions. In addition, examples and issues are drawn from social work traditions involving multiple levels of study (organisms to large social systems), integrating biopsychosocial aspects, and adopting a lifespan perspective. The authors examine the implications for research of current "great debates" in the field and present readers with a variety of specific substance use research resources and tools. This practical "how to" guide takes the reader step-by-step through issues specific to substance use research in study design, participant recruitment and retention, measurement and analysis, and the processes involved in the dissemination, diffusion, and implementation of evidence-informed innovations. A variety of technical resources and measurement tools are provided, as are references to journals for scholars to consider both as knowledge resources and as outlets for disseminating their work. In sum, this book offers a fresh approach to conducting substance use research that is not readily available in other texts.

Getting Research Findings into Practice

Getting Research Findings into Practice Author Andy Haines
ISBN-10 9780470755099
Release 2008-04-15
Pages 200
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Thoroughly updated and revised, the new edition of this accessible guide aims to outline why there is a gap between research findings and what actually happens in clinical practice. It covers a number of topics including the sources of information on clinical effectiveness and methods of information, how to close the gap between research and pratice, potential roles for lay people, the role of decision support, barriers to the use of evidence in clinical practice, the role of decision analysis, implementing research findings in developing countries and how to encourage the implementation of results from economic evaluation.

Behavioral Healthcare and Technology

Behavioral Healthcare and Technology Author Lisa A. Marsch
ISBN-10 9780199314027
Release 2014-12-08
Pages 348
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In recent years, there has been an explosion of research focused on using technology in health care, including web- and mobile- health assessment and intervention tools, as well as smartphone sensors and smart environments for monitoring and promoting health behavior. This work has shown that technology-based therapeutic tools offer considerable promise for monitoring and responding to individuals' health behavior in real-time. They may also function as important "clinician-extenders" or stand-alone tools, may be cost-effective and may offer countless opportunities for tailoring behavioral monitoring and intervention delivery in a manner that is optimally responsive to each individual's profile and health behavior trajectory over time. Additionally, informational and communication technologies may be used in the context of decision support tools to help individuals better understand and access treatment. Technology may enable entirely new models of health care both within and outside of formal systems of care and thus offers the opportunity to revolutionize health care delivery. This edited book will define the state of scientific research related to the development, experimental evaluation, and effective dissemination of technology-based therapeutic tools targeting behavioral health. Behavioral Health Care and Technology will provide an overview of current evidence-based approaches to leverage technology to promote behavioral health, including management of substance use, mental health, diet/exercise, medication adherence, as well as chronic disease self-management. Additionally, the book will define the state of implementation research examining models for deploying technology-based behavioral health care systems and integrating them into various care settings to increase the quality and reach of evidence-based behavioral health care while reducing costs.

Evidence based Social Work Practice Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Evidence based Social Work Practice  Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide Author Oxford University Press
ISBN-10 0199802297
Release 2010-05-01
Pages 22
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In social work, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Social Work, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of social work. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Assessing Genomic Sequencing Information for Health Care Decision Making

Assessing Genomic Sequencing Information for Health Care Decision Making Author Institute of Medicine
ISBN-10 9780309304979
Release 2014-08-19
Pages 126
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Rapid advances in technology have lowered the cost of sequencing an individual's genome from the several billion dollars that it cost a decade ago to just a few thousand dollars today and have correspondingly greatly expanded the use of genomic information in medicine. Because of the lack of evidence available for assessing variants, evaluation bodies have made only a few recommendations for the use of genetic tests in health care. For example, organizations, such as the Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention working group, have sought to set standards for the kinds of evaluations needed to make population-level health decisions. However, due to insufficient evidence, it has been challenging to recommend the use of a genetic test. An additional challenge to using large-scale sequencing in the clinic is that it may uncover "secondary," or "incidental," findings - genetic variants that have been associated with a disease but that are not necessarily related to the conditions that led to the decision to use genomic testing. Furthermore, as more genetic variants are associated with diseases, new information becomes available about genomic tests performed previously, which raises issues about how and whether to return this information to physicians and patients and also about who is responsible for the information. To help develop a better understanding of how genomic information is used for healthcare decision making, the Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health of the Institute of Medicine held a workshop in Washington,DC in February 2014. Stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, patients, and government officials, discussed the issues related to the use of genomic information in medical practice. Assessing Genomic Sequencing Information for Health Care Decision Making is the summary of that workshop. This report compares and contrasts evidence evaluation processes for different clinical indications and discusses key challenges in the evidence evaluation process.

Models and Frameworks for Implementing Evidence Based Practice

Models and Frameworks for Implementing Evidence Based Practice Author Jo Rycroft-Malone
ISBN-10 9781405175944
Release 2010-05-10
Pages 268
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This title provides a critical analysis of a number of different models and approaches to the implementation of evidence-based practice, culminating in an integrative review, narrative synthesis and likely future directions in the final chapters.

Nursing and Health Care Research

Nursing and Health Care Research Author Collette Clifford
ISBN-10 9781317904106
Release 2014-01-21
Pages 216
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First published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Annual Review of Nursing Research Volume 27 2009

Annual Review of Nursing Research  Volume 27  2009 Author Christine E. Kasper, PhD, RN, FAAN, FACSM
ISBN-10 9780826117588
Release 2009-12-28
Pages 240
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This volume sets the stage for understanding the evolution and importance of nursing science in the field by providing a brief historical overview of the tobacco epidemic and emerging science, describing changing trends in tobacco use, reviewing health risks of smoking and benefits of quitting, reviewing concepts in nicotine addiction and evidence-based recommendations for tobacco dependence treatment. Also highlighted are nursing science efforts and leadership in addressing two barriers to mounting programs of nursing research in tobacco control: the lack of nursing education and training in tobacco control and the limited research funding and mentorship. Finally, the contributors to this volume address the issue of smoking in the profession as it influences nurses' health, interventions with patients, and, potentially, scholarship efforts.