Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Author Dean T. Jamison
ISBN-10 9780821361801
Release 2006-04-02
Pages 1452
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Based on careful analysis of burden of disease and the costs ofinterventions, this second edition of 'Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition' highlights achievable priorities; measures progresstoward providing efficient, equitable care; promotes cost-effectiveinterventions to targeted populations; and encourages integrated effortsto optimize health. Nearly 500 experts - scientists, epidemiologists, health economists,academicians, and public health practitioners - from around the worldcontributed to the data sources and methodologies, and identifiedchallenges and priorities, resulting in this integrated, comprehensivereference volume on the state of health in developing countries.



Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Author Dean T. Jamison
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105134473250
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 1401
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In the late 1980s the World Bank initiated a process designed both to generate analytic background on priorities for control of specific diseases and to use this information as input for comparative cost-effectiveness estimates for interventions addressing the full range of conditions important in developing countries. The purpose of the comparative cost-effectiveness work was to provide one input into decision-making within the health sectors of highly resource-constrained low- and middle-income countries. This process resulted in the 1993 publication of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. A decade after publication of the first edition, the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and the Fogarty International Center of the U.S. National Institutes of Health have initiated a Disease Control Priorities Project that will, among other outcomes, result in a second edition of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries (DCP2). DCP2 will provide integrative chapters-e.g. school health systems or surgery or Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)- that draw together the implementation-related responses to a number of conditions. Case studies and lessons from implementation success will be highlighted.



Disease Control Priorities Related to Mental Neurological Developmental and Substance Abuse Disorders

Disease Control Priorities Related to Mental  Neurological  Developmental and Substance Abuse Disorders Author Disease Control Priorities Project
ISBN-10 9789241563321
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 103
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This publication brings together five chapters from Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries 2nd edition (2006), along with an introduction and a conclusion by WHO. The chapters cover mental disorders, neurological disorders, learning and developmental disabilities, and alcohol and illicit opiate abuse. The purpose of this special package is to provide information on cost-effectiveness of interventions for these specific groups of disorders. This information should contribute to reformulation of policies and programs and reallocation of resources eventually leading to reduction of morbidity and mortality. The disorders and conditions covered in the five chapters of this volume are all characterized by low current levels of use of effective interventions. This underlines the need for substantial enhancement in resources but also presents an opportunity in that the cost-effectiveness data can be used to focus enhanced resources to those interventions that are shown to give the best value for money. As mental, neurological, developmental, and substance-use disorders move up in the public health agenda of developing countries, the evidence presented in this publication can assist in resource allocation.



Priorities in Health

Priorities in Health Author
ISBN-10 9780821362617
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 217
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"This companion guide to Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition speeds the diffusion of life-saving knowledge by distilling the contents of the larger volume into an easily read format. Policy makers, practitioners, academics, and other interested readers will get an overview of the messages and analysis in Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition; be alerted to the scope of major diseases; learn strategies to improve policies and choices to implement cost-effective interventions; and locate chapters of immediate interest."



Developing Countries

Developing Countries Author Rector Press, Limited
ISBN-10 1572057378
Release 1994-06-01
Pages 340
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Developing Countries has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Developing Countries also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Developing Countries book for free.



Publications Catalog

Publications Catalog Author
ISBN-10 UCBK:C077559415
Release 2008-01
Pages
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Publications Catalog has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Publications Catalog also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Publications Catalog book for free.



Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 1

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 1 Author Haile T. Debas
ISBN-10 9781464803673
Release 2015-03-23
Pages 442
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Essential Surgery is part of a nine volume series for Disease Control Priorities which focuses on health interventions intended to reduce morbidity and mortality. The Essential Surgery volume focuses on four key aspects including global financial responsibility, emergency procedures, essential services organization and cost analysis.



Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors Author Alan D. Lopez
ISBN-10 9780821362631
Release 2006-04-02
Pages 475
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Strategic health planning, the cornerstone of initiatives designed to achieve health improvement goals around the world, requires an understanding of the comparative burden of diseases and injuries, their corresponding risk factors and the likely effects of invervention options. The Global Burden of Disease framework, originally published in 1990, has been widely adopted as the preferred method for health accounting and has become the standard to guide the setting of health research priorities. This publication sets out an updated assessment of the situation, with an analysis of trends observed since 1990 and a chapter on the sensitivity of GBD estimates to various sources of uncertainty in methods and data.



Behinderung und sozialer Wandel

Behinderung und sozialer Wandel Author Raphael Zahnd
ISBN-10 9783781521636
Release 2017-04
Pages 263
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Behinderung und sozialer Wandel has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Behinderung und sozialer Wandel also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Behinderung und sozialer Wandel book for free.



Disease Control Priorities Third Edition Volume 8

Disease Control Priorities  Third Edition  Volume 8 Author Mrcpsych PhD Fmedsci Professor of International Mental Health Vikram Patel
ISBN-10 1464804230
Release 2016-05-30
Pages 300
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At the turn of the millennium, the world experienced a dramatic increase in funding for global health programs. Competing demands for these resources meant that policymakers needed access to valid, evidence-based information on the costs and consequences of a broad range of health interventions. By providing systematic and comparable information about purchasing health in LMICs, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Second Edition greatly informed and enriched these conversations and - we hope -- improved resource allocations. Nearly ten years later, increased attention to chronic diseases and the importance of health systems in providing access to quality care is once again reshaping the global health landscape. Low- and middle-income countries are continuing to set priorities for funding and deploying specific interventions, but with a greater appreciation for the contribution of program and economic evaluation to informed decision-making. The need to make decisions across an increasingly complex set of policy and intervention choices, attuned to specific health system capabilities, makes a third iteration of Disease Control Priorities all the more critical. Similar to the first and second editions of Disease Control Priorities (DCP1 and DCP2), the aim of the third edition (DCP3) is to influence program design and resource allocation at global and country levels by providing an up-to-date comprehensive review of the effectiveness of priority health interventions. It presents systematic and comparable economic evaluations of selected interventions, delivery platforms, and policies based on newly developed economic methods. DCP3 further expands on the scope of intervention assessments found in DCP1 and DCP2 by presenting findings in nine individual volumes. It is clear that optimal global health programming requires a comprehensive evidence-base to help determine what works, what does not, how much it will cost. DCP3 will allow users to set global and national priorities for health in an informed manner.



Global Health in Transition A Synthesis

Global Health in Transition  A Synthesis Author John H. Bryant
ISBN-10 NAP:13583
Release 1996-11-04
Pages 84
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There has been an explosion of analytic documents, published since the start of the 1990s, that deal mainly, though not exclusively, with health in developing countries. They comprise a fair spectrum of opinion about issues of global health, though surely not a complete one. Each document advances understanding of specific challenges to health in the development process, and each raises further questions, explicitly in its content or implicitly by work that it has left undone. Each assesses the current status of the areas of health or social development with which it is most concerned; expands on the ideas and methods its authors wish to advance; proposes strategies; and then reflects on their likely impacts, shortfalls, and policy implications. Each document acknowledges that much more needs to be done to bring key ideas to fruition in terms of developmental effects than is specified in its own strategies. Finally, each document intimates that what we have been calling "international health" may need, somehow, to be rethought in a more comprehensive way as "global health." The first part of this Synthesis is an analysis that summarizes 10 documents in a common format. Each summary starts with a brief background note and then analyzes the document in terms of its objectives, conclusions, and main recommendations for policy and action, hewing as closely as possible to its original language. All presentations end with a brief commentary highlighting issues that we consider pivotal and locating them in the larger contexts of health and social development. The second part of the Synthesis is a set of reflections on the implications of the 10 documents. We first extract 10 themes, ideas, or concerns that are explicit in at least some of the documents or implicit in what they suggest as work remaining to be done. We chose those that we believe lie at the heart of what needs to be asked about; what is useful, appropriate, and possible in the field of health development in today's changed and changing circumstances, ideas that will be critical to any reconceptualization of that field.



Global Problems Smart Solutions

Global Problems  Smart Solutions Author Bjørn Lomborg
ISBN-10 9781107435247
Release 2013-11-14
Pages 752
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Every four years since 2004, the Copenhagen Consensus Center has organized and hosted a high profile thought experiment about how a hypothetical extra $75 billion of development assistance money might best be spent to solve twelve of the major crises facing the world today. Collated in this specially commissioned book, a group of more than 50 experts make their cases for investment, discussing how to combat problems ranging from armed conflicts, corruption and trade barriers, to natural disasters, hunger, education and climate change. For each case, 'Alternative Perspectives' are also included to provide a critique and make other suggestions for investment. In addition, a panel of senior economists, including four Nobel Laureates, rank the attractiveness of each policy proposal in terms of its anticipated cost-benefit ratio. This thought-provoking book opens up debate, encouraging readers to come up with their own rankings and decide which solutions are smarter than others.



Nachhaltigkeit anders denken

Nachhaltigkeit anders denken Author Christine Katz
ISBN-10 9783658081065
Release 2014-12-30
Pages 293
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Neue, lebensweltlich kontextualisierte,problembezogene und thematisch querschnittorientierte Forschungs- und Qualifizierungsansätze im Bereich Nachhaltigkeit werden in diesem Sammelband sowohl auf konzeptioneller Ebene als auch anhand ausgewählter Handlungsfelder vorgestellt. Der Umgang mit globalen Umweltproblemen und -veränderungen im Zusammenhang mit gesellschaftlichen Gerechtigkeitsfragen bedarf neuer Problemzugänge und -bearbeitungen. Die genderorientierte Nachhaltigkeitsforschung positioniert sich als herrschaftskritische Ungleichheitsforschung und trägt zur gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung zu mehr Gleichberechtigung, Empowerment und Emanzipation bei.



Gutes besser tun

Gutes besser tun Author William MacAskill
ISBN-10 9783843713399
Release 2016-03-24
Pages 288
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Soll ich einen Flüchtling bei mir beherbergen? Ist es sinnvoll, nach Naturkatastrophen zu spenden? Übernehme ich besser die Patenschaft für ein Kind aus Äthiopien oder für ein Kind aus Deutschland? Helfe ich den Betroffenen, oder beruhige ich nur mein Gewissen? William MacAskill hat mit dem Konzept des effektiven Altruismus eine Antwort gefunden. Er nennt die Kriterien für sinnvolles und nachhaltiges Helfen. Oft sind es scheinbar kleine Handlungen, die Großes bewirken: Eine einfache Wurmkur verbessert die Lebensqualität afrikanischer Kinder mehr als eine teure Wasserpumpe fürs ganze Dorf. MacAskill zeigt, warum gut gemeint und gut gemacht zwei verschiedene Dinge sind und wie wir Veränderungen am besten erreichen können. Sein Buch ist eine konkrete Handreichung für alle, die Gutes noch besser tun wollen.



Reproductive Tract Infections

Reproductive Tract Infections Author Adrienne Germain
ISBN-10 9781489906915
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 395
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Reproductive tract infections (RTis) have become a silent epidemic that is devastating women's lives. Each year, thousands of women die needlessly from the consequences of these infections, including cervical cancer, ectopic pregnancy, acute and chronic infections of the uterus and the fallopian tubes, and puerperal infections. For many women, this happens because they receive medical attention too late, if at all. The terrible irony of this tragedy is that early diagnosis of and treatment for many RTis do not require high-technology health care. For the hundreds of millions of women with chronic RTis acquired from their sexual partners, life can become a living hell. Infection is a major cause of infertility, and it leads to scorn and rejection in many countries. These women may experience constant pain, have festering lesions of the genital tract, be at enhanced risk of second ary diseases, and endure social ostracism. The problems associated with RT!s have grown even greater in the past decade with the emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS. Preexisting sexually transmitted disease, particularly when associated with genital tract ulcers, raises women's vulnerability to the transmission of HIV 3-5 fold.



Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine

Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine Author Peter Cameron
ISBN-10 9780702054389
Release 2014-04-01
Pages 1036
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Now fully revised and updated, Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine provides clear and consistent coverage of this rapidly evolving specialty. Building on the success of previous editions, it covers all the major topics that present to the trainee doctor in the emergency department. It will also prove invaluable to the range of other professionals working in this setting - including nurse specialists and paramedics - who require concise, highly practical guidance, incorporating latest best practices and current guidelines. For the first time, this edition now comes with access to addtional ancillary meterial, including practical procdure videos and self-assessment material. Updates throughout reflect latest practice developments, curricula requirements and essential guidelines Key point boxes highlight topic ‘essentials’ as well as controversial areas of treatment An expanded list of leading international contributors ensures comprehensive coverage and maximizes worldwide relevance New and enhanced coverage of important and topical areas - including latest imaging in emergency medicine; organ donation; massive transfusion protocols; medico legal issues; patient safety and quality measures All new accompanying electronic ancillariy material, including procedure videos and self-assessment materials to check your understanding and aid exam preparation Expansion of administration section - especially patient safety New and enhanced coverage of important and topical areas - including latest imaging in emergency medicine; organ donation; massive transfusion protocols; medico legal issues; patient safety and quality measures All new accompanying electronic ancillary materials - including practical procedures videos and self-assessment materials



Chile

Chile Author
ISBN-10 0821332244
Release 1995
Pages 182
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Living Standards Measurement Study No. 113. This paper analyzes the extent to which workers in Bolivia face barriers to entry in the formal and informal sectors of the urban labor market. These barriers are most prevalent in the formal sector because of regulation. The higher wages found in the that sector are often regarded as evidence of labor market segmentation. However, wage differences between sectors may also result from compensating wage differentials, which follow from non-monetary returns to the job such as health insurance, utility associated with the workplace, and job security. The author proposes a model that allows testing for labor market segmentation between the two sectors on the basis of cross- sectional data. The methodology incorporates data on ways in which individuals search for new jobs and information about discouraged workers who have stopped searching for jobs. The proposed model accounts for all of the specific features of urban labor markets in developing countries, in particular the existence of a competitive informal sector.